In the first phase of Expansion Site I activity in Thailand and Malaysia, USAID Oceans will initiate the development of the ACDS/CDTS Guidelines, helping Expansion Site I countries develop national roadmaps for implementation. 

Following discussions between USAID Oceans and the Governments of Malaysia and Thailand, expansion sites have been identified for CDTS testing and implementation during Year 3 (2018) within specified seafood supply chains. The identified sites, Kelantan and Songkhla, will employ lessons learned from the design, implementation, and testing of the CDTS in the Philippines and Indonesia. USAID Oceans will closely coordinate with SEAFDEC ACDS development and implementation to complement the CDTS activities.

Thailand

Population: 65.73 million

Coastal Area: 2,614 kilometers of coastline and an Economic Zone (EEZ) of 420,280 square kilometers

Main Fishing Sites: Gulf of Thailand, Andaman Sea

Number of Vessels: Approximately 40,000 vessels: 27,000 small scale and 10,000 commercial scale

Predominant Fishing Method(s): Trawl and purse seine

Fisheries Authority: Thailand Department of Fisheries

Current Traceability Initiatives: In 2015, Thailand underwent a major fisheries management reform under the Royal Ordinance on Fisheries. Currently the regulations under that decree are being issued and the Thailand Department of Fisheries is working to implement an electronic traceability system. The system will be designed to trace fish through the complete supply chain, from catch to finished good. The traceability system will include six sub-systems: 1) Fishing INFO networking system (vessel information), 2) E-license, 3) Catch landing records, 4) E-logbook, 5) Catch Certificate Issuance System, and 6) Inspection at landing ports. The Thailand Department of Fisheries is working in partnership with the Fish Marketing Organization and other government and private sector organizations.

Oceans Technical Working Group Focal Person: Wanwipa Suwannarak, wanwipa.su@gmail.com

Malaysia

 Population: 26.5 million

Coastal Area: 4,810 kilometers of coastline and an Economic Zone (EEZ) of 418,000 square kilometers

Main Fishing Sites: 68 Fisheries Districts in total, with 41 on the West Coast of Peninsular Malaysia, 18 on the East Coast, 15 in Sarawak, and 12 in Sabah

Number of Vessels: Approximately 56,000 vessels. Approximately 86 percent of Malaysia’s fleet is small-scale.

Import and Export Trends: Malaysia imports 299,200 tons of fish annually, mainly from Indonesia, China and Thailand. Its annual exports of fish, shrimp and squid total 102,500 tons, going mainly to Singapore, the EU, and the U.S.

Predominant Fishing Method(s): Drift/Gill Nets, Trawl and purse seine

Fisheries Authority: Jabatan Perikanan Malaysia

Current Traceability Initiatives: Malaysia’s catch documentation system is current paper-based, with the exception of electronic records kept by processors and shippers. Malaysia is actively pursuing additional human and financial resources to bolster monitoring, auditing, and verification activities, as well as capacity building for fisheries officers.

Oceans Technical Working Group Focal Person: Tan Geik Hong, geikhong@dof.gov.my

Sources: FAO Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profiles, Malaysia TWG (Jabatan Perikanan Malaysia)